Discussion Questions: Week 6 (November 3)
1. False memories vs. repressed memories (Red)
- Is it possible to devise a method for systematically and accurately
distinguishing false memories from repressed memories? If so, what would
it look like? What features of (real vs. false) memory encoding, storage
and retrieval might it take advantage of?
2. Knowing how vs. knowing that (Blue)
- What does the fact that procedural memory ('knowing how') and
declarative memory ('knowing that') are affected differently in
(at least some) cases of amnesia (the former is retained; the latter
is lost) imply about the way memory works --- encoding, storage
- What are the broader implications of this distinction for the overall
architecture of memory? Might we expect to find other 'modules' of
memory (e.g., memories based on different sense inputs)?
3. Concept-based memory (Green)
- Consider the hypothesis that memories are formed based on concepts,
by matching an event/experience against a stored concept/category, and
using the latter to encode the former.
- How does this explain the emergence of false memories?
- How do we reconcile this with the fact that we retain both
details and gists, and in some cases only details? (The case of
the woman who remembered only the place names of the 'War of the
Ghosts' story is an example.)